Backgammon Spielanleitung. Das Ziel des Spieles: Das Spielziel besteht darin, seine eigenen Steine in das eigene Heimfeld zu bringen und sie dann von dort. Backgammon ist eines der ältesten Brettspiele der Welt. Es handelt sich um eine Mischung aus Strategie- und Glücksspiel. Dabei gewinnt derjenige Spieler, der. Backgammon ist eine Mischung aus Glück und Können. Es wird von zwei Spielern mit je 15 Steinen auf einem Brett mit 24 Feldern. Die Steine werden je nach.
Less Magical than the First. View All Videos 1. View All Photos 5. When Andrew invites Lucian and his girlfriend Elizabeth for a weekend vacation, they don't expect Andrew's sister Miranda and her Baudelaire-obsessed boyfriend Gerald to show up as well.
Overwhelmed by Gerald's antics and the constant irritating horseplay with Miranda, Andrew and Elizabeth split.
Lucian, however, decides to stay, as a simmering, sexual tension develops between him and the flighty, flirtatious Miranda.
When Gerald explodes after losing everything during an alcohol-fueled poker game with Lucian, Miranda finally gives him the boot.
But as she and Lucian begin to dance around each other, their surroundings show threatening signs that Gerald may never have left. Russell , Todd Niemi.
Alex Beh as Gerald. Brittany Allen as Miranda. Christian Alexander as Andrew. Noah Silver as Lucian. Olivia Crocicchia as Elizabeth.
March 18, Full Review…. An uncertain drama full of attitude it can't back up with action. Something is off from the first scene.
March 18, Rating: March 9, Full Review…. March 7, Rating: View All Critic Reviews 6. In order for you to continue playing this game, you'll need to click "accept" in the banner below.
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Backgammon -Beyond the Kingdom Aufbauspiele. Nirgendwo in der westlichen Welt wurde schon so früh und so intensiv Backgammon gespielt wie in England. Weitere Links zu Backgammon Backgammon in der Wikipedia. Profis schaffen mehrere Ziegel auf einmal. Ziehe die Anzahl auf dem Würfel zweimal, wenn du einen Pasch hast. Jahrhundert in Anlehnung an die lateinische Bezeichnung Tables genannt. Bei diesem Backgammon kommt erschwerend hinzu, dass du die Felder selbst abzählen musst. Wenn du die vorherigen Zeilen genau studiert hast, bist du nun in der Lage spannende Backgammon Partien auszutragen. Bietet der Mann in der Box eine Verdopplung an, so entscheiden die Spieler jeder für sich, ob sie das Doppel akzeptieren wollen oder nicht; Annahme oder Ablehnung eines Doppels der Box haben keine Auswirkungen auf die Rangfolge der Spieler — mit Ausnahme des Kapitäns backgammon. Allerdings musste man mit den Steinen die durch die zwölf Linien askgamblers best casino Strecke dreimal durchlaufen und nicht nur zweimal. Um das Brett aufzustellen, muss jeder Spieler zwei Steine auf seinen Point 24 Beste Spielothek in Langenwinkel finden, drei auf Point 8, fünf auf Point 13 und weitere fünf auf Point 6. Back Gammon ist ein Spiel, bei dem man genauso viel Glück wie Können braucht, und das die verschiedensten Spielertypen anzieht. Solange real player alte version deutsch Gesamtzüge zwölf ergeben und jeder Zug auf einem freien Point landet, ist alles in Ordnung.
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Description This version of the classic board game can be enjoyed by one or two players. The game has been strongly solved , meaning that exact equities are available for all 32 million possible positions.
There are also different starting positions. Nackgammon is a variant of backgammon invented by Nick "Nack" Ballard  in which players start with one less checker on the six point and midpoint and two checkers on the 23 point.
Russian backgammon is a variant described in as: In this variant, doubles are more powerful: Gul Bara and Tapa are also variants of the game popular in southeastern Europe and Turkey.
The play will iterate among Backgammon, Gul Bara, and Tapa until one of the players reaches a score of 7 or 5.
Coan ki is an ancient Chinese board game that is very similar. Plakoto , Fevga and Portes are three versions of backgammon played in Greece.
Together, the three are referred to as Tavli. Other minor variants to the standard game are common among casual players in certain regions.
For instance, only allowing a maximum of five checkers on any point Britain  or disallowing "hit-and-run" in your home board Middle East.
Backgammon has an established opening theory , although it is less detailed than that of chess.
The tree of positions expands rapidly because of the number of possible dice rolls and the moves available on each turn.
Recent computer analysis has offered more insight on opening plays, but the midgame is reached quickly. After the opening, backgammon players frequently rely on some established general strategies, combining and switching among them to adapt to the changing conditions of a game.
A blot has the highest probability of being hit when it is 6 points away from an opponent's checker see picture. Strategies can derive from that.
The most direct one is simply to avoid being hit, trapped, or held in a stand-off. A "running game" describes a strategy of moving as quickly as possible around the board, and is most successful when a player is already ahead in the race.
As the game progresses, this player may gain an advantage by hitting an opponent's blot from the anchor, or by rolling large doubles that allow the checkers to escape into a running game.
The "priming game" involves building a wall of checkers, called a prime, covering a number of consecutive points.
This obstructs opposing checkers that are behind the prime. A checker trapped behind a six-point prime cannot escape until the prime is broken.
Because the opponent has difficulty re-entering from the bar or escaping, a player can quickly gain a running advantage and win the game, often with a gammon.
A "backgame" is a strategy that involves holding two or more anchors in an opponent's home board while being substantially behind in the race.
The backgame is generally used only to salvage a game wherein a player is already significantly behind. Using a backgame as an initial strategy is usually unsuccessful.
For example, players may position all of their blots in such a way that the opponent must roll a 2 in order to hit any of them, reducing the probability of being hit more than once.
Many positions require a measurement of a player's standing in the race, for example, in making a doubling cube decision, or in determining whether to run home and begin bearing off.
The minimum total of pips needed to move a player's checkers around and off the board is called the "pip count". The difference between the two players' pip counts is frequently used as a measure of the leader's racing advantage.
Players often use mental calculation techniques to determine pip counts in live play. Backgammon is played in two principal variations, "Money" and "Match" play.
Money play means that every point counts evenly and every game stands alone, whether money is actually being wagered or not.
The format has a significant effect on strategy. In a match, the objective is not to win the maximum possible number of points, but rather to simply reach the score needed to win the match.
For example, a player leading a 9-point match by a score of 7—5 would be very reluctant to turn the doubling cube, as their opponent could take and make a costless redouble to 4, placing the entire outcome of the match on the current game.
In money play, the theoretically correct checker play and cube action would never vary based on the score. In , Emmet Keeler and Joel Spencer considered the question of when to double or accept a double using an idealized version of backgammon.
In their idealized version, the probability of winning varies randomly over time by Brownian motion , and there are no gammons or backgammons.
To reduce the possibility of cheating, most good quality backgammon sets use precision dice and a dice cup.
Online cheating has therefore become extremely difficult. In State of Oregon v Barr, a court case pivotal to the continued widespread organised playing of backgammon in the USA, the State argued backgammon is a game of chance and that it was therefore subject to Oregon's stringent gambling laws.
Paul Magriel was a key witness for the defence, contradicting Dr. Roger Nelson, the expert prosecution witness, by saying, "Game theory, however, really applies to games with imperfect knowledge, where something is concealed, such as poker.
Backgammon is not such a game. Everything is in front of you. The person who uses that information in the most effective manner will win.
After the closing arguments, Judge Stephen S. Walker concluded that backgammon is a game of skill, not a game of chance, and found the defendant, backgammon tournament director Ted Barr, not guilty of promoting gambling.
Enthusiasts have formed clubs for social play of backgammon. A backgammon chouette permits three or more players to participate in a single game, often for money.
One player competes against a team of all the other participants, and positions rotate after each game. Chouette play often permits the use of multiple doubling cubes.
Backgammon clubs may also organize tournaments. Large club tournaments sometimes draw competitors from other regions, with final matches viewed by hundreds of spectators.
Winners at major tournaments may receive prizes of tens of thousands of dollars. Starting in January , tournament directors began awarding GammonPoints,  a free points registry for tournament directors and players, with GammonPoint awards based on the number of players and strength of field.
The first world championship competition in backgammon was held in Las Vegas , Nevada in Tim Holland was declared the winner that year and at the tournament the following year.
For unknown reasons, there was no championship in , but in , Tim Holland again won the title. In , Lewis Deyong, who had promoted the Bahamas World Championship for the prior three years, suggested that the two events be combined.
By the 21st century, the largest international tournaments had established the basis of a tour for top professional players.
Major tournaments are held yearly worldwide. PartyGaming sponsored the first World Series of Backgammon in from Cannes and later the 'Backgammon Million' tournament held in the Bahamas in January with a prize pool of one million dollars, the largest for any tournament to date.
The event was recorded for television in Europe airing on Eurosport. In , the WBA collaborated with the online backgammon provider Play65 for the season of the European Backgammon Tour and with "Betfair" in At the 43rd World Backgammon Championship in Monte Carlo,  former radio talk show host Larry Shiller began color-commenting matches as the Voice of Backgammon,  with archived videos on Twitch  and YouTube.
When backgammon is played for money , the most common arrangement is to assign a monetary value to each point, and to play to a certain score, or until either player chooses to stop.
The stakes are raised by gammons, backgammons, and use of the doubling cube. Backgammon is sometimes available in casinos.
Before the commercialization of artificial neural network programs, proposition bets on specific positions were very common among backgammon players and gamblers.
Backgammon software has been developed not only to play and analyze games, but also to facilitate play between humans over the internet.
Dice rolls are provided by random or pseudorandom number generators. Real-time online play began with the First Internet Backgammon Server in July ,   but there are now a range of options;  many of which are commercial.
Backgammon has been studied considerably by computer scientists. Neural networks and other approaches have offered significant advances to software for gameplay and analysis.
The first strong computer opponent was BKG 9. Early versions of BKG played badly even against poor players, but Berliner noticed that its critical mistakes were always at transitional phases in the game.
He applied principles of fuzzy logic to improve its play between phases, and by July , BKG 9. It won the match, 7—1, becoming the first computer program to defeat a world champion in any board game.
Berliner stated that the victory was largely a matter of luck, as the computer received more favorable dice rolls.
In the late s, backgammon programmers found more success with an approach based on artificial neural networks. Its neural network was trained using temporal difference learning applied to data generated from self-play.
Tesauro proposed using rollout analysis to compare the performance of computer algorithms against human players. The rollout score of the human or the computer is the difference of the average game results by following the selected move versus following the best move, then averaged for the entire set of taken moves.
The strength of these programs lies in their neural networks' weights tables, which are the result of months of training.
Without them, these programs play no better than a human novice. For the bearoff phase, backgammon software usually relies on a database containing precomputed equities for all possible bearoff positions.
Computer-versus-computer competitions are also held at Computer Olympiad events. Backgammon is one of the oldest games in existence. Its history can be traced back nearly 5, years to its origins in Mesopotamia modern-day Iraq.
The world's oldest set of dice made from human bone were recently discovered in that part of the world. Modern Iraqis continue to enjoy playing the game.
It used tetrahedral dice. When a player wins before their opponent has borne any pieces off, and still has at least one piece left either in their first quadrant or on the bar.
Backgammon is the 28th game we make here at CardGames. It's been requested a lot over the years, but the main reason it was never created was the custom graphics needed for it.
Well, finally we did it! Backgammon is the first game developed by CardGames. Winning a single game can take a long time, so we decided to just make the simplest version, without the doubling dice and tracking wins over many games.
However, if we get a lot of requests for that we might add it later. The game board and pieces are custom graphics made here at CardGames.
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